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  • Theodor Meinhardt

Great explorers – their travels and adventures By Theo Meinhardt

Discovering has always been important for mankind, because if we hadn't had any great discoverers, we would probably still have white spots on our maps today. But even today not everything has been explored: Like the deep sea and other planets. Maybe one day our children will read about the first discoverers of Mars and no longer about those I am going to tell you about in this article. When you hear about such great explorers and their discoveries of new continents for example, you are no longer as impressed since “I can just buy a ticket for an overseas trip”. But it wasn't that easy back then. You only had a compass and the certainty that you had someone on board your ship who could read the stars. Christopher Columbus: Christopher Columbus is said to be one of the greatest discoverers. He was convinced that he could reach East Asia by sailing west from Spain. In the end, however, he found the American continent. When he got there, he called the natives living there: Indians because Columbus thought he was in India. That's why the natives of America are still called Indians today.

Christopher Columbus on one of his voyages

Ferdinand Magellan: Ferdinand Magellan set off in the first circumnavigation of the world in 1519, yet he could not complete it himself because he had been killed on a Philippine island beforehand (1521). However, one of the ships captains completed his voyage and arrived safely in Spain.

Marco Polo: During his lifetime, Marco Polo traveled with his father and his uncle through the entire present-day orient. His uncle and his father were both jewel dealers from Venice. James Cook: James Cook sailed three Pacific voyages and discovered many islands, proving that there is no southern continent and that the Northwest Passage is not navigable. The currents in the South Seas could be read on so-called “bar charts”. Sea snail shells marked the locations of the islands on these maps. But not only these parts of the world were discovered, but there were also hard races to discover the north and south poles, in which even people had to lose their lives. However, the greatest voyages of discoveries were all experienced on ships. Convincing people of their the discoveries was hard for the discoverers though: For example, no one believed in Pytheas discovery of the polar lights.

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