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  • Jimena Schoemann De Miguel

The History of the Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first ever US patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876, on March 7th. The first words said into a telephone were: “Mr Watson, come here, I want to see you.”  

Alexander Graham Bell was born on the 3rd of March 1847, and he lived till August 2, 1922. He was born in Scotland but was Canadian American. He was an inventor, scientist and engineer. Both his mother and wife were deaf, which meant he had an interest in hearing and speech that led him to experiment with hearing devices and eventually invent the first ever telephone.  


The mobile devices with the most sales are the Nokia 1100 and the Nokia 1110, which were released in 2003 and 2005. Both models have sold an astonishing 250 million units. The best-selling touchscreen phones are the Apple iPhone 6 and the iPhone 6 Plus. They were released together in 2014 and have sold over 222 million units. 



There are three main types of phone systems. Landline systems, cloud-based systems, and hybrid systems. The benefit of landline systems is that they are very reliable for emergencies. They are amazing at what they are supposed to do, which is to place and receive calls. Their capability of getting you through to others at whatever time and under any circumstances is exceptionally good; they are quick and extremely easy to use. Although phones nowadays are very advanced, Wi-Fi is always a major concern for wireless callers. They do not always have consistent call quality, so it is useful to have a landline telephone. 

Now onto the disadvantages of the landline system. Using a landline system is a poor choice when looking to call long distance because the bill will be high. It is not the most convenient type of phone system when it comes to being at a moving location. Smartphones, however, can be easily carried to any location and you can be in touch with your family at any time. When it comes to cloud-based phone systems there are a variety of advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is that cloud-based phone systems allow calls to and from anywhere. Another advantage is that it integrates with popular business applications. Some of the disadvantages of a cloud-based phone system are that it requires an Internet connection at all times, and that many cloud-based systems do not interface with all analogue equipment for paging and facility controls.  

Hybrid telephone systems support all kinds of voice calls including mobile phone calls, landline phone calls, ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) calls and VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) calls. They also reduce pulling costs by digitising voice data in routing it over the Internet, which effectively reduces calling costs compared to traditional telephone systems that recall over the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). 


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